Activated charcoal is a substance with a large surface activity. Its effect on the body is due to the ability to bind substances that reduce surface energy, without changing their chemical nature.
Sorbates alkaloids, glycosides, toxins, barbiturates, gases, salicylates, salts of heavy metals and other compounds, reduces their absorption in the digestive canal and promotes excretion from the body with the contents of the intestine.
With the topical application in the patch, it helps to increase the healing speed of ulcers. To ensure maximum effect, it is recommended to prescribe the drug immediately after poisoning.
When the body is intoxicated before washing the stomach, an excess of coal is created in the stomach, and after rinsing – in the intestine. Presence of food masses in the digestive tract requires the use of the drug in high doses, as the contents of the digestive tract will be sorted by coal and its activity will decrease.
Reduction of the concentration of coal in the medium leads to a decrease in the concentration of the bound substance and its absorption (to prevent the resorption of the released substance, a repeated washing of the stomach is performed and another dose of coal is given).
If the cause of intoxication was the substances involved in enterohepatic circulation (morphine and other opiates, indomethacin, cardiac glycosides), coal should be used for several days.
The preparation in tableted form is characterized by a lower adsorption capacity in comparison with the powder. Non-toxic.
The substance is not absorbed, excreted from the body through the intestine.
Indications for the use of activated charcoal:
The drug is also used as a remedy for heartburn. Interacting with hydrochloric acid, it detoxifies its excess and thus helps to alleviate the condition.
Nevertheless, it should be remembered that these tablets cannot eliminate the cause of burning pain, so the effect of using sorbent for heartburn will be short-lived.
Contraindications to Activated Charcoal:
- Intestinal atony;
- Ulcerative lesions of the digestive canal;
- Simultaneous administration of antitoxin agents, the effects of which develop after absorption (e.g. methionine);
- Gastric and intestinal bleeding;
Side effects of the drug are dye staining black, diarrhea/constipation, dyspepsia.
Prolonged intake of the drug (more than 14 days) can cause malabsorption of proteins, fats, nutrients, calcium, hormones, vitamins. Read more https://www.livestrong.com/article/340077-activated-charcoal-weight-loss/
The drug is taken orally one hour before or two hours after eating/taking other medicines in tablets or by pre-mixing a single dose in water. If a second method of using Activated Charcoal is used, approximately 100 ml of water is taken to dilute the tablets.
A dosage of activated charcoal to an adult – from 1 to 2 g 3 or 4 r. / Day. The highest dose is 8 g / day.
In acute diseases, treatment is advisable to continue for 3 to 5 days. For allergies and chronic diseases, the course lasts up to 14 days. The repeated drug can be prescribed after 2 weeks on the recommendation of a doctor.
With flatulence and dyspepsia, the tablets are taken orally at a dose of 1-2 g 3-4 r. / Day. Treatment lasts for 3 to 7 days.
In diseases that are accompanied by hypersecretion of gastric juice, rotting/fermentation processes in the intestine, the optimal dosage for an adult is 30 g / day. (3 r. / Day for 10 g in each dose).
Those wishing to reduce weight for weight loss for 10 days take 1 tablet of coal per 10 kg of weight 3 r. / Day before eating. Wash down the coal with a glass of still water.
Children, as well as adults, the drug can be given in tablets or in the form of aqueous suspensions. The dose is selected depending on the indication, the age of the child’s weight.
So, for example, to eliminate the processes of fermentation/putrefaction, as well as in diseases that are accompanied by hypersecretion of gastric juice, a child of up to 7 years of age is given 5 grams, and a child of older age – 7 g 3 r./day.
Treatment lasts for 7 to 14 days.
In case of acute poisoning, the patient is rinsed with a 10-20% aqueous suspension and then administered inside 20-30 g / day. In the next 2-3 days, the drug continues to give the child a dose of 0.5-1 g / kg/day.
For children, doctors are often advised to give White coal instead of regular coal.
If the tablets are taken in powdered form, the drug starts to act on average after 15 minutes, if whole, after half an hour-hour.
In case of acute (for example, alcoholic) poisoning, the patient is shown gastric lavage using a suspension of the drug and then taking the tablets. For an adult, 20-30 g of the drug is the optimal dosage for poisoning.
How much to drink tablets, determine depending on the weight of the patient. To accelerate the absorption of the drug in the intestine, the tablets can be diluted in a small volume of water.
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