Today we will talk about how different skin diseases manifest themselves, and how to distinguish them from other pathologies.
Do you know that our body, as a litmus test, can reflect the condition of internal organs? That is why some skin diseases whose symptoms are easily confused with signs of other ailments, it is sometimes difficult to establish.
Determine the exact diagnosis can only a doctor based on the results of analysis and research. However, there are characteristic changes in the skin, directly indicating a particular disease.
Let’s see how accurately you can diagnose yourself, and when it’s necessary to do it.
Features of the structure of the skin
The skin of the face and body is one of the largest in area organs, reaching 2 square meters or more (depending on the gender, age and constitution of the person). The main function of the skin is to protect the internal organs and vessels from unfavorable external factors.
We know that men have thicker skin and stiffer skin, and women have thinner and more vulnerable skin. Read more https://www.healthline.com/health/skin-disorders
Do you know that the skin is a complex multi-layered structure that can be restored on its own? Its structure consists of three layers:
- Upper – epidermis – is updated 1 time in 28-45 days, changes its coloring under the influence of ultraviolet;
- Middle – dermis – responsible for nerve conduction, the production of sebum and the growth of hair follicles; it is from here that the wrinkles begin when the elasticity of the skin decreases;
- Deep – subcutaneous fatty tissue – provides heat regulation, supplies nutrients and moisture to the cells of the upper layers.
Diseases of the skin can affect only one or several layers at once, disrupting their normal functioning. However, disturbances in the work of the gastrointestinal tract and others also negatively affect the face and body.
How to understand how dangerous an ailment is, and not to confuse it with other diseases?
The main causes of skin diseases
Do you know that in modern medicine you can find more than 120 varieties of skin diseases?
Each of them manifests itself in different ways and can be caused by various external or internal causes.
Negative effects on the skin from the outside occur as a result of:
- Direct contact with parasites (mites, etc.);
- Exposure to aggressive chemicals (alkali, etc.);
- A sharp temperature drop (hypothermia of the feet, etc.);
- Prolonged irradiation (sunburn);
The influence of bacteria that have fallen into the middle and deep layers of the skin (leprosy, etc.).
- Internal causes that trigger the development of skin diseases include:
- Depression and stress, affecting the work of the nervous and hormonal systems;
- Slowing or acceleration of metabolic processes;
- Dysfunction of the gastrointestinal tract (constipation, dysbiosis, etc.);
- Hormonal disorders.
Diseases of the skin are divided into several groups, respectively, causing their causes.
General classification of skin ailments
Depending on the type of pathogen, the pathology of the skin can be:
- Fungal (mycosis, lichen, etc.); they quickly pass into the chronic stage, and the affected areas of the skin increase in size;
- Infectious (pyoderma, etc.), caused by harmful microorganisms; there is an appearance on the skin of rashes or scars;
- Viral (herpes, papilloma); such diseases require specially selected treatment, in most cases, the virus cannot be fully defeated, however, unwanted relapses can be prevented and the patient’s condition can be alleviated;
- Pustular (streptoderma, etc.) –
- Allergic (dermatitis, eczema, etc.) – caused by a specific allergen, which has an irritant effect;
- Suppurative (abscess, furuncle) – when under the skin formed the focus of inflammation, gradually growing into an abscess;
- Oncological (melanoma, cancer) – develop in the form of a malignant tumor, represent a serious threat to the life of the patient;
- Parasitic (scabies, pediculosis) – caused by some types of parasites.
Did you know that some viruses and infections manifest themselves only in the midst of another illness or with the weakening of immunity? In other words, herpes can be a consequence of a cold, and seborrhea (dandruff) can appear at the end of winter – early spring when the defenses of the body are running out.
A boil can appear as a result of squeezing an ordinary pimple with dirty hands when an infection gets under the skin.
Characteristic signs of skin diseases
The healthy skin of the face and body has a uniform color, a smooth and even, slightly moist surface. Any abnormalities – dryness and peeling, changing the original color, the appearance of foci of inflammation, acne, ulcers, small rashes, itching, burning, and the appearance of discomfort or pain – should immediately alert.
However, to establish the diagnosis of a single symptom is not enough. It is necessary to study the full picture.
The most common symptoms of skin diseases are:
- Local redness (appearance of red spots, irritation);
- The appearance of dark spots, scars, scars;
- Open wounds and sores that do not heal for a long time;
- Neoplasm’s (acne, subcutaneous nodules, ulcers, small rash, etc.);
- Excretion of syphilis or pus;
- Dryness and peeling;
- Burning of varying severity;
- Itching, which can intensify or subside;
- Painful sensations with light pressure on the affected area;
- A change in the initial skin tone (dullness, blueness);
- The appearance of small edema.
Itching and burning are the characteristic symptoms of dermatitis and hives. On the skin, small bubbles are formed, filled with a clear liquid. When such a vial bursts, the liquid enters the healthy skin, causing intolerable itching.
Itching can also occur with allergies, herpes, and other diseases.
Redness of the skin – a sign that indicates the development of inflammation. Hyperemia occurs on the affected areas, can be accompanied by desquamation and painful sensations. This symptom is observed with contact dermatitis, eczema.
Dryness of the skin, the formation of cracks may indicate eczema. However, if such a phenomenon is observed on the skin of the feet, this is evidence of hyperkeratosis or psoriasis.
If you doubt the correctness of the self-established diagnosis, do not be lazy to go to the doctor, take tests or make a sample.
Remember that not all skin diseases can be cured to the end. However, an accurate diagnosis facilitates the selection of ready-made drugs and folk remedies that can significantly improve the patient’s condition and lead skin and order.
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